A compilation of links to useful mountain-related datasets, databases, and projects.


Global Observations

Global Network of Mountain Observatories 
The Global Network of Mountain Observatories (GNOMO) was established in 2015 to create a network that would generate comparable data on mountain social-ecological systems – from climate and hydrology to ecology and human use and governance.

Copernicus Global Land Service (CGLS)
The Copernicus Global Land Service (CGLS) is a component of the Land Monitoring Core Service (LMCS) of Copernicus, the European flagship programme on Earth Observation. The Global Land Service systematically produces a series of qualified bio-geophysical products on the status and evolution of the land surface, at global scale and at mid to low spatial resolution, complemented by the constitution of long term time series. The products are used to monitor the vegetation, the water cycle, the energy budget and the terrestrial cryosphere.


Ecosystems & Biodiversity

USGS Global Ecosystems data
This high resolution, data-derived, global ecosystems map aims to improve our ability to manage, conserve, and restore ecosystems that are increasingly threatened by fragmentation, alteration, loss, invasive species, fire, climate change, and incompatible resource extraction. This project is classifying and mapping global ecosystems in a standardized, robust, and practical manner at scales appropriate for on-the-ground management. 

Global Observation Research Initiative in Alpine Regions (GLORIA)
The GLORIA programme operates a world-wide, long-term observation network with permanent plot sites in alpine environments. Vegetation and temperature data collected at GLORIA sites will be used to discern trends in species diversity, composition, abundance, and temperature, and to assess and predict losses in biodiversity in these fragile alpine ecosystems which are under accelerating climate change pressures.

Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN)
The aim of MIREN is to understand the effects of global change on species’ distributions and biodiversity in mountainous areas. It has expanded its initial focus on non-native plant invasions to consider species redistribution more generally under different drivers of global change, including biological invasions, climate change, and land-use change. MIREN performs observational and experimental studies along elevation gradients to evaluate and quantify the processes and mechanisms that are shaping mountain plant communities at regional to global scales. 

The Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network
The US long-term ecological research network consists of 28 sites and involves dozens of researchers, typically including microbial, community, and landscape ecologists, but also hydrologists, geochemists, social scientists, economists, and historians. 

Climate

NOAA Paleoclimatology Datasets
The data cover the globe, and while most span the last few millennia, some datasets extend back in time 100 million years. Most of the data are time series of geophysical or biological measurements, and some include reconstructed climate variables such as temperature and precipitation.

Copernicus Climate Change Service
The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) supports society by providing authoritative information about the past, present, and future climate in Europe and the rest of the World.

KNMI Climate Explorer
The KNMI Climate Explorer is a research tool to investigate the climate and provides a web application to analyse climate data statistically. Its web site collects a lot of climate data and analysis tools.


Forests

International Forestry Resources and Institutions
A research program with a forest plots/community database.

FAO Global Forest Resources Assessments
Provides essential information for understanding the extent of forest resources, their condition, management and uses.


Renewable Energy

Global Atlas for Renewable Energy 
Data on wind, solar, geothermal, etc.


Cryosphere and Water

Hydrological Atlas of Switzerland (HADES)
A comprehensive scientific reference tool mapping and collating data on water in Switzerland. The result of a huge collaborative effort by Swiss hydrologists, HADES was launched by the Swiss government in 1988 as a means of providing essential information for water conservation and management. 

World Glacier Monitoring Service
WGMS provides standardized observations on changes in mass, volume, area, and length of glaciers with time (fluctuations of glaciers), as well as statistical information on the distribution of perennial surface ice in space (World Glacier Inventory), and special events. 

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Choose from hundreds of scientific data sets, focusing on the cryosphere and its interactions. Data are from satellites and field observations, and are from NASA, NSF, NOAA, and other programs. 

Global Runoff Data Centre
A repository for the world's river discharge data and associated metadata.

Glacial Lake Outburst Flood database
This database aims to provide broadly available overview of GLOFs worldwide in standardised format.

Glacier and Permafrost Hazards in Mountains 
(GAPHAZ)

Data.TheThirdPole 
An open source geospatial database: a simple, searchable catalog of water-related datasets sourced from leading organizations monitoring water in Asia. All data hosted on this site is available — with attribution to the data provider—for download in multiple formats.

Disaster and Risk

Data Integration and Analysis System (DIAS)
The goals of DIAS are to collect and store earth observation data; to analyze such data in combination with socio-economic data, and convert data into information useful for crisis management with respect to global-scale environmental disasters, and other threats.


Carpathians

Carpathian Countries Integrated Biodiversity Information System - CCIBIS 
The CCIBIS Geoportal presents various items of biological (e.g. endangered species, habitats) and environmental (protected areas, Natura 2000 sites, old-growth forests) information about the Carpathian Ecoregion provided by many partners working in the Carpathians. 

Carpathian Convention GeoportalCarpathian Convention Geoportal
The goal of the Carpathian Convention Information System (CCIS) is to collect, manage and disseminate transnational geographic data sets for the Carpathian region by linking existing information systems and projects. ;

BioREGIO Carpathians
An EU project, the aim of which is to show how integrated management of the Carpathians' natural assets can boost both sustainable development and ecological connectivity in the Carpathian region. In particular, the project seeks to identify the most probable habitats, core areas, and ecological corridors for species of wildlife to move through the landscape. Wildlife species for the connectivity analyses were selected on the basis of their ecological preferences and habitat niches, in order to cover most of the habitat types present in the Carpathians' mountain range (Eurasian Lynx; Brown Bear; European Wolf; European Otter; Western Capercaillie; Carpathians Chamois; European Hare).


Tatra

Geoportal Tatrzańskiego Parku Narodowego 
(In Polish)

Geoportal - Geodetic and Cartographic Institute Bratislava
Provision of reference spatial data, spatial data services, and information about spatial reference data according to acts no. 215/1995 Coll. and no. 168/1995 Coll. in the following areas:

  • Geodetic Control
  • Slovak Real Time Positioning Service SKPOS®
  • Basic Data Base for the Geographic Information System ZBGIS®
  • State Map Series,
  • Real Estate Cadastre,
  • Central Archive of Geodesy and Cartography

Geoportal - State Geological Institute of Dionýz Štúr
This Geoportal is one of the main outcomes of the Geological Information System GeoIS project. It enables users to access spatial data and services. Users can add layers and create a custom map composition in a 2D or 3D view.

Hindu-Kush Himalaya

ICIMOD Regional Database System
A central, web-based data repository for different thematic areas in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan region.


Pyrenees

Atlas Statistique des Pyrénées
This interactive cartography site on the Andorran, Spanish, and French municipalities of the Pyrenees massif is a continuation of cross-border statistical cooperation between INSEE and the statistical institutes of Catalonia, Aragon, Navarre, the Basque Country and Spain, and Andorra. 


Italy

NextData
The NextData project aims at providing quantitative information on the state and on past, present and future climate and environmental changes in Italian mountain regions. The project is also devoted to reconstructing past climate conditions in the Italian territory, promoting an easy access to data, results and knowledge. The multidisciplinary approach combines field monitoring, use of satellite data, reconstruction of the past climatic conditions in the last few thousands years, as well as numerical simulations on the expected climate and environmental variability in the Italian mountains for the next decades. An important goal of the project is the implementation of an integrated high-altitude network of climate monitoring stations in the Italian mountains.

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