MRI News
34An Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) study has showed that until now, scientists have been substantially underestimating how quickly gases are exchanged between mountain streams and the atmosphere. Based on research in the Swiss cantons of Vaud and Valais, an EPFL laboratory has shed new light on the role of mountain streams in emitting greenhouse gases.

An EPFL study has prompted scientists to rethink a standard approach used to calculate the velocity of gas exchange between mountain streams and the atmosphere. Research conducted in streams in Vaud and Valais indicate that equations used to predict gas exchange based on data from lowland streams undershoots the actual gas exchange velocity in mountain streams on average by a factor of 100.

Read more: EPFL researchers make a key discovery on how alpine streams work

squaw mountain 700x450The International Conference on Regional Climate – Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment 2019 (ICRC-CORDEX 2019) has issued a call for abstracts, with many sessions covering a wide range of mountain relevant topics. Deadline is 30 April. 

The ICRC-CORDEX 2019 –  to be held in Beijing, China, 15-18 October 2019 –  will bring together the international regional climate research community, focusing on high resolution climate information and its applications to vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation and the full spectrum of potential end-users of regional climate information. It will promote the CORDEX vision to advance and coordinate the science and application of regional climate downscaling through global partnerships.

Read more: Call for Abstracts | ICRC-CORDEX 2019

flock 999558 smallBiodiversity has been shown to increase the resilience of ecosystems to global change. But what fosters the resilience of social-ecological systems? MRI Principal Investigator Adrienne Grêt-Regamey is lead author of a new paper published in Nature Sustainability focusing on the importance of actors' diversity in relation to this question.

Mountains, despite their size and apparent strength, are fragile landscapes, shaped by interactions between humans and nature. However, socio-economic and climate changes are influencing the way these mountain social-ecological systems function, and the current climate debate shows how difficult it is to modify these drivers of change. So what can be done to make mountain landscapes more robust – and enable them to continue providing vital ecosystem services – in the face of global change? A new paper published in Nature Sustainability explores precisely this question.

Read more: Actors’ Diversity Increases the Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems to Global Change

landscape 540116Call for applications for the twelfth International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain Areas (IPROMO), jointly organized by the Mountain Partnership Secretariat at FAO, the University of Turin, Italy, and the University of Tuscia, Italy, with the patronage of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Deadline 30 March 2019.

Landscape approaches systematically consider the situations, needs and objectives of the multiple sectors and diverse stakeholders in an integrated way. For this reason, they can be used to optimize land use and management practices to contribute to local, subnational and national goals and thereby to help achieve multiple Sustainable Development Goals.

Read more: IPROMO 2019 Summer School: Landscape Approach for Enhancing Mountain Resilience

flowers 1190773 1280The journal Ecosystem Services has issued a call for papers for a new Special Issue on 'Mountain Landscapes: Protected Areas, Ecosystem Services, and Future Challenges' that aims to address important knowledge gaps in this area. The deadline is 30 November 2019. 

A significant proportion of the global population depends on goods and services provided by mountain regions, including fresh water, raw materials, and recreation. However, mountain regions all over the world are facing multiple challenges due to environmental and socio-economic changes, with related impacts on human livelihoods, economy, and ecosystems. This Special Issue of Ecosystem Services therefore aims to address important knowledge gaps, focusing on basic understanding of ecological functions and their drivers of change in mountain landscapes, as well as on societal trends in and outside mountain regions in order to be able to scope future challenges. A particular focus is placed on protected areas that are interested in the management and preservation of biodiversity and landscapes through scientific research, environmental education, and the promotion and development of sustainable tourism.

Read more: Call for Papers | Mountain Landscapes: Protected Areas, Ecosystem Services, and Future Challenges

ice 690964 1280Experts nominated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are meeting in Russia this week, 4-8 March 2019, to further develop the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC). As a lead author of the High Mountains chapter, MRI Executive Director Carolina Adler is among their number. 

The Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) is one of three special reports that the IPCC, the leading body for assessing the science related to climate change, will be releasing over the next year. The report will contain a careful assessment of how the ocean and cryosphere – the areas of the planet in which water is found in its solid state as ice or snow – will be affected by climate change. It will assess what these changes might mean for people around the world and how these changes may challenge a sustainable and equitable future.

Read more: Authors of IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere meet in Russia

spiti 2792127 1280The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment finds that even if carbon emissions are dramatically cut and global warming is limited to 1.5 degrees, over a third of glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region will have vanished by 2100. If emissions are not cut, this loss could increase to two-thirds – with serious consequences for the billions who rely on their water. 

A comprehensive new study of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region finds that even meeting the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees by the end of the century would lead to a 2.1 degree spike in temperatures in the Himalaya – resulting in the melting of one-third of the region’s glaciers. These glaciers are a critical water source to some 250 million mountain dwellers, and 1.65 billion others living in the river valleys below.

Read more: Landmark study warns two degree temperature rise could melt third of Himalayan glaciers